Achromatic: Hues made from black, gray ans white.

Additive color theory/mixing: Combining lightwaves to create color.

Afterimage: Illusionss occuring when retinal cones and/or neurons becomes fatigued/overstimulated. Photoreceptor cells are responsible for human perception of color. A photoreceptor cell become fatigue if it fixates on a particular color, and will cause a false electrical impulse by the receptor cell, thus creating the afterimage.

Analogous colors: A color grouping in which the colors are to the near left and right of each other. An analogous color scheme is harmonious because all colors within the palette have a certain percentage of each other built into them.

Aqueous coating: One of the four basic types of coatings, including varnish, UV coating and laminates. Aqueous coating is a resin and water based covering.

Blind emboss: An emboss that is not registered to a printed image.

Bronzing: An effect that develops when some inks are exposed to light and air that creates a false reading in the calculation of color. Bronzing causes a glare effect in 3-D color space. Most often it occurs in inks that are warm in nature, or color builds that have a mixture of warm and cool colors: the pigments in warm colors begin to rise up through the coolr ink pigments.

Generic – Tuning an instrument or a device to obtain optimal results.

Characterization: The determination of the color space needed by creating color profiles that help to simulate the gamut need for perceptual appearance – both individually and uniformly – throughout the working enviroment.

Chroma: Color intensity. Sometimes referred to as the color’s brightness, chroma is another word for the Y tristimulus in 3D color theory.

Chromatic colors: A series of colors arranged in set of increments.

Color contrast: The difference between lightwaves detected by the apparatus of the eyeball. The photoreceptive fileds near and around the fovea are responsable for four kinds of vision: motion, form/silhouette, depth and color. All four of these factors determine color contrast.

Color mixing: The process by which different pigments, dyes, colorants or lightwaves are mixed to create a new hue.

Color profile: Assignment of a working color space.

Color purity: The absence of white, black or gray from a hue.

Color rendition: The phenomenon of two colors appearing the same in one light source, but very different in another.

Color saturation: The richness of a hue. Color sturation is controlled by the amount of gray added to a particular hue and has a bearing on the intensity, or chroma, of a color.

Color scheme: The color combination selected for a particular design.

Color shading: Combining a color and black.

Color temperature: The degree of warmth of coolness that a color suggest.

Color tinting: Adding a small amount of one color or white pigment to another color.

Color toning: Adding one complementary color to another.

Color value: The relative lightness or darkness of the color as perceived by the mind’s eye.

Color Value Differential (CDV): The difference between two hues as measured by the Y tristimulus value.

Color wheel: A matrix composed of primary, secondary, and tertiary hues or colors.

Color workflow: The management of color from device to device in the daily context of a working environment.

Complementary colors: Hues that are found on opposite sides of the color wheel.

Comments are closed.